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What are the steps of non-small cell lung cancer?
24.11.2018 980 0 Admin

What are the steps of non-small cell lung cancer?

About NSCLC

Stage 1 is the stage where the tumor is located in only one lung and is not present in the lymph nodes.
Stage 2 is the stage at which cancer is spread to the lymph nodes around the lung where the tumor is located.
Stage 3a is the stage at which cancer is spread to the lymph nodes around the chest wall and diaphragm on the same side of the lung where the tumor is located.
Stage 3b is the stage in which cancer spread to the lymph nodes in the other lung or neck.
Stage 4 is the stage in which the cancer spreads to the rest of the body and other parts of the lungs.

What are the steps of small cell lung cancer?

• Cancer is confined to the thoracic cavity, ie in the early stage, the tumor is present in a lung and adjacent lymph nodes.
• In the common stage, the tumor has spread to the other lungs as well as other organs in the body.

Small cell lung cancer, in particular tends to make brain metastasis. Therefore, brain MR should be performed and the presence of disease in the brain should be investigated during the disease staging phase and follow-up period.

Can one person have both small cell and non-small cell lung cancer?

According to studies, approximately 10 percent of people with lung cancer have both small cell and non-small cell lung cell cancers (NSCLC).


Are there any differences in treatments?

• Radiotherapy, chemotherapies, lung cancer surgery and palliative care have a role in the treatment of both types of lung cancer. However, molecular therapies targeting immunotherapies and genetic changes are only effective in non-small cell lung cancer.
• Small cell lung cancer tends to be more susceptible to chemotherapy treatments than non-small cell lung cancer. Physicians may use a combination therapy in the treatment of lung cancer depending on the stage and size of the tumor site.
• Small cell lung cancer is likely to metastasize to the brain. Therefore, the brain can be irradiated for protective purposes even if there is no evidence of disease in the brain. This practice is called prophylactic radiotherapy.
• Small cell lung cancer is considered a more aggressive cancer than non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small cell cancers typically grow faster. An estimated 90 percent of small cell cancer patients are spread to nearby lymph nodes or organs at the time of diagnosis.
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