Treatment Options for Non small cell lung cancer
Non small cell lung cancer is a malignant neoplasm of epithelial tissue. Such neoplasms appear due to irreversible disturbances in the structure and functioning of the DNA of normal cells. The basis can serve as the influence of environmental factors, or modifications in the body itself. Malignant tumor develops due to numerous changes in DNA, which lead to disorders in the cells of structure and function. As a result, they escape from the influence of the body, lose the ability to apoptosis (programmed cell destruction after a certain number of divisions) begin an unlimited division.
Most often, such formations arise due to a change in one cell, sometimes the source of a new growth is a group of cells. The development of the tumor over time is a complex and lengthy process, dividing the three stages of development:
- Initiation phase
- Promotion phase
- Stage of progression
Treatment:Treatment of non-small cell cancer surgically consists in removing the affected area of the lung (pneumonectomy), one (lobectomy), two (bilobectomy) lobes.
Surgical intervention is performed at all stages of the disease.
The doctor removes the part of the surgeon, when the tumor spreads, the whole lung is removed. Then they carry out complex procedures: radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
When radiation therapy, the areas affected by the tumor are irradiated with ionizing radiation that kills diseased cells.
In chemotherapy, medicinal medicines are used that kill the cells affected by the tumor.
After treatment, it is necessary to see a doctor every six months. Because it can relapse.
The spread of the tumor reduces the volume of the lung, the ability to get oxygen from the air decreases. This can lead to hypoxemia (a decrease in the blood level of oxygen). Oxygen therapy in hypoxemia reduces dyspnea, improves health.
With the refusal of surgical intervention, to restore patency in the bronchi, should apply photodynamic therapy.
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